在Java中使用AES加密,并且加密的Key长度在16位以上

代码示例来源,感谢http://www.cnblogs.com/jys509/p/4768120.html#autoid-0-1-0

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.spec.IvParameterSpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;

import sun.misc.BASE64Decoder;
import sun.misc.BASE64Encoder;


/**
 * AES 是一种可逆加密算法,对用户的敏感信息加密处理 对原始数据进行AES加密后,在进行Base64编码转化;
 */
public class AESOperator {

    /*
     * 加密用的Key 可以用26个字母和数字组成 此处使用AES-128-CBC加密模式,key需要为16位。
     */
    private String sKey = "smkldospdosldaaa";//key,可自行修改
    private String ivParameter = "0392039203920300";//偏移量,可自行修改
    private static AESOperator instance = null;

    private AESOperator() {

    }

    public static AESOperator getInstance() {
        if (instance == null)
            instance = new AESOperator();
        return instance;
    }

public static String Encrypt(String encData ,String secretKey,String vector) throws Exception {

        if(secretKey == null) {
            return null;
        }
        if(secretKey.length() != 16) {
            return null;
        }
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
        byte[] raw = secretKey.getBytes();
        SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
        IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(vector.getBytes());// 使用CBC模式,需要一个向量iv,可增加加密算法的强度
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec, iv);
        byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(encData.getBytes("utf-8"));
        return new BASE64Encoder().encode(encrypted);// 此处使用BASE64做转码。
    }


    // 加密
    public String encrypt(String sSrc) throws Exception {
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
        byte[] raw = sKey.getBytes();
        SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
        IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(ivParameter.getBytes());// 使用CBC模式,需要一个向量iv,可增加加密算法的强度
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec, iv);
        byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(sSrc.getBytes("utf-8"));
        return new BASE64Encoder().encode(encrypted);// 此处使用BASE64做转码。
    }

    // 解密
    public String decrypt(String sSrc) throws Exception {
        try {
            byte[] raw = sKey.getBytes("ASCII");
            SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(ivParameter.getBytes());
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, skeySpec, iv);
            byte[] encrypted1 = new BASE64Decoder().decodeBuffer(sSrc);// 先用base64解密
            byte[] original = cipher.doFinal(encrypted1);
            String originalString = new String(original, "utf-8");
            return originalString;
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            return null;
        }
    }

    public String decrypt(String sSrc,String key,String ivs) throws Exception {
        try {
            byte[] raw = key.getBytes("ASCII");
            SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(ivs.getBytes());
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, skeySpec, iv);
            byte[] encrypted1 = new BASE64Decoder().decodeBuffer(sSrc);// 先用base64解密
            byte[] original = cipher.doFinal(encrypted1);
            String originalString = new String(original, "utf-8");
            return originalString;
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            return null;
        }
    }

    public static String encodeBytes(byte[] bytes) {
        StringBuffer strBuf = new StringBuffer();

        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++) {
            strBuf.append((char) (((bytes[i] >> 4) & 0xF) + ((int) 'a')));
            strBuf.append((char) (((bytes[i]) & 0xF) + ((int) 'a')));
        }

        return strBuf.toString();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // 需要加密的字串
        String cSrc = "[{\"request_no\":\"1001\",\"service_code\":\"FS0001\",\"contract_id\":\"100002\",\"order_id\":\"0\",\"phone_id\":\"13913996922\",\"plat_offer_id\":\"100094\",\"channel_id\":\"1\",\"activity_id\":\"100045\"}]";

        // 加密
        long lStart = System.currentTimeMillis();
        String enString = AESOperator.getInstance().encrypt(cSrc);
        System.out.println("加密后的字串是:" + enString);

        long lUseTime = System.currentTimeMillis() - lStart;
        System.out.println("加密耗时:" + lUseTime + "毫秒");
        // 解密
        lStart = System.currentTimeMillis();
        String DeString = AESOperator.getInstance().decrypt(enString);
        System.out.println("解密后的字串是:" + DeString);
        lUseTime = System.currentTimeMillis() - lStart;
        System.out.println("解密耗时:" + lUseTime + "毫秒");
    }

}

此处加密的key是smkldospdosldaaa,如果修改为32位或者更高位的的将会报java.security.InvalidKeyException: Illegal key size
解决办法:
下载对应的jar文件替换原有的,
jdk1.8的http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jce8-download-2133166.html
其他版本的与之类似,下载好后解压,主要用到local_policy.jar和US_export_policy.jar,将其复制到JAVA_HOME下的\jre\lib\security中替换,即可
我是用在即构娃娃机上的,他需要将一串json用AES加密

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